Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) is usually described as being made up of three core behaviours: inattention, distractibility, impulsivity and in up to 60% of cases, hyperactivity. In addition, there is a cluster of other behaviours which can be associated with ADD/ADHD including:
- Social clumsiness
- Poor co-ordination
- Behavioural issues
- Poor emotional regulation
- Poor self-esteem
- Specific Learning Disabilities
- Language difficulties
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder has three sub types:
A Predominately inattentive type (problems of attention, learning and executive control)
B Predominately hyperactive-impulsive type (hyperactive, impulsive, poor self-control of behaviour)
C Combined type (a mix of both of the above)
The new DSM-V does not change symptom criteria, but prevalence must include at least 6 symptoms from either or both the above two groups, A or B. Age of onset in DSM-V must be before 12 and comorbidity with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is now allowed. Boys are six times more likely to be referred for help than girls. ADD/ADHD can be a hereditary condition.
There is no single medical, physical, or other test for diagnosing ADD/ADHD. To determine if you or your child has ADD/ADHD, the following tools may be used: a checklist of symptoms according to the diagnostic criteria; answers to questions about past and present problems; a medical exam to rule out other causes for symptoms; an educational/cognitive/psychometric/IQ/achievement assessment; rating questionnaires; observation at home and/or school.
Andrew conducts ADHD assessments for:
Each assessment involves specific assessment tools and questionnaires appropriate to the age of the client. Andrew receives referrals from GPs (under a Mental Health Care Plan) or from specialist Developmental Paediatricians or from Psychiatrists for adult clients.