Anxiety Disorders exist when:
Anxiety Disorder can take many different forms:
Common Signs & Symptoms of Anxiety in your child or adolescent:
It is important to be able to distinguish symptoms caused by worry, where the worry or anxiety is the primary source of the symptom in your child or adolescent, for example it is not ADHD if the distraction or inattention is caused by worry; it is not ODD if the child refuses to participate or do something because they fear the situation; having poor social skills does not necessarily indicate social phobia; habit disorders such as hair pulling and nail biting are not necessarily anxiety.
Assessing normal vs clinical anxiety in children and adolescents can be difficult at times. It is important to realise that fears change from birth to adulthood. Normal fears generally differ from clinical anxiety in severity not quality.
Some common questions parents and/or professionals can ask:
1. Exposure to the event or situation or fear
2. Detective thinking
4. Cognitive Restructuring
6. Increase Communication with your child
7. Avoid being over protective and reassuring
8. Demonstrate that we don't have to be perfect and that making mistakes is ok
9. Model non anxious behaviour
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) (ie classification of mental disorders) chapter on anxiety disorders no longer includes obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Instead these disorders have been relocated to their own respective chapters.
Andrew uses Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Acceptance & Commitment Therapy and Mindfulness techniques when working with children and adolescents on anxiety.